Second Lieutenant Benjamin Vazquez Martinez, 01685795, Infantry, Company
"G", 65th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division, United States Army. During the
period 9-11 December 1950, near Sudong-ni, Korea, Lieutenant Vazquez Martinez
was platoon leader in his company, whose mission was to keep open a part of the
escape route for the marine's withdrawal from the Chosin Reservoir to Hamhung.
Lieutenant Vazquez Martinez's organization of his platoon defense sector, taking
maximum advantage of available concealment and using mutually supporting auto-
matic weapons positions to the utmost, contributed materially to the successful
accomplishment of his company's mission. He repeatedly exposed himself to heavy
fire. His inspiring leadership was instrumental in the large number of casualties
inflicted on the enemy by members of his platoon, while suffering no
casualties themselves. Lieutenant Vazquez Martinez's fearless leadership,
initiative and heroism reflect great credit upon himself and the military ser-
vice. Entered the military service from Puerto Rico.
Source: Record Group 338: General Orders 3rd Infantry Division, Boxes 129 to 131 -
National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.